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1 / 17 model 實體模型

eurocampus | 德法學校

Year | 年份: 2015
Location | 地點: Shanghai, China | 中國,上海
Status | 狀態: competition | 競賽

Type | 類型: architecture | 建筑
Program | 功能: educational | 教育
Size | 規模: 46000㎡ | 46000平方米
Client | 業主: Eurocampus | 德法學校

Team | 團隊: Chen Chen (陳忱), Federico Ruberto, Nicola Saladino, Li Lingfeng (李凌風), Xue Yang (薛揚), Xu Mengze (徐夢澤)

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2 / 17 programmatic layout 功能分布

Eurocampus Shanghai is planned to host over 2000 students, with a variety of ages ranging from three to eighteen years. The campus is shared by a French and a German school, each running its own kindergarten, primary school, middle school and high school, while sharing common facilities such as the sports and the cultural center. The designers were asked to propose solutions to the following challenges: defining the spatial configuration of public and private areas for various teaching clusters, managing multiple interweaving circulations, fitting a large amount of outdoor spaces in such a high-density plot.


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3 / 17 physical model 實體模型

Spatial, Relational Organization
Our design strives at constituting a building that, managing complexity through dynamism and interconnectivity, is able to cope with the over-regulations. The educational space nowadays is afflicted by hyper restrictive norms that reduce the potential of architecture to shape the school as the ultimate space of knowledge.


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4 / 17 view towards the performing art center 望向演藝中心視角效果

Thus we aimed at a complex organism with a common principle at its core that defines the site, the buildings, the two schools requirements, the specificity of the various teaching clusters and their correlated classes; a holistic vision that integrates the macro and the micro requirements into one unique organization; a scalar composition that shows at different levels the same characteristics, elements, specificities, that moderates gently its “molar” structures to its “molecular” cells, and vice versa; a building designed neither as an imposing unity nor as a mere sum of discrete elements, but a building formed as a network of relations.


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5 / 17 design concept 設計概念

The general diagram, the massing and the clusters of the building are designed according to three compositional and processual principles, which we call “multiplied ground”, “porosity”, and “connectivity / autonomy”. The three principles work as a cascading formula, a process of diversification of an initially relatively “flat and abstract” surface.


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6 / 17 central plaza and foyer 中央廣場和前廳

“Multiplied Ground” is the principle that maximizes the amount of active surfaces, splitting and displacing them on different interrelated and interconnected levels. It is a strategy that works particularly well for a high-density campus, especially with a distributed network of ever changing outdoor spaces and nodal filters that can facilitate the diversification of connections and the typology of enclosures. “Multiplying” is the strategy that smoothens up the transition between the landscape and the building. Given the extreme density of activities on the site, it avoids the creation of a final massing that is oppressive and self-imposing.


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7 / 17 program zoning and access points 功能分區與主要入口

The “Porosity” of the massing is our way of distancing internally the activities, producing “filters” of privacy. It’s a principle that works in accordance to and together with the multilayered system of connections previously described. It is a strategy to maximize the natural ventilation and the shading, developed in accordance to the external nodal conjunctions of the networks, and the internal break-through and passage ways of the schools. The amplification of the building porosity is shaped and studied to pair the internal clusters defined by the brief and to allow different degrees of permeability and accessibility.


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8 / 17 floor plan 平面圖

Finally, the concept of “connectivity / autonomy” works as a conceptual tool, a way for us to sort and refine the two previous principles. It is a layer that helps organize the multiplicity of the very diverse activities in accordance to their needs, generating an overall balanced, congruous and consistent building massing. It is a way to assure and evaluate the needed privacy and the level of connectivity of each single activity.


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9 / 17 classrooms 教室立面

site and program
The study resulting from ‘the site’ conditions and ‘the brief’ requirements delineated a scenario of extreme spatial density, from which we developed a set of macro-decisions sorted within two orders of importance, two layers: “Accesses and Parking” and “Program and Connections”.


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10 / 17 section 剖面圖

A - The macro layer “Accesses and Parking” is sub-divided into several sub-layers. In this set, the relation plot/context is punctually specified and developed. The specific functional requirements for the general circulation (car/bus, students/visitors, goods…) are designed and integrated in an extensive and complex network of relations and connections that, rather than overwhelming the design, contribute to shaping it. It defines: General entrances, School entrances, Bus entrance, Fire track accesses.

A - 宏觀上,“通道和停車”會被再分成若干個次級層面。這樣,周邊環境關系才能準確地得以細化并擴展。為實現整體流線(汽車/公交、學生/游客、貨物等)的功能,具體的需求被整合到了一個大而復雜的聯通網絡中,這個網絡并不是要壓倒設計而是塑造設計。該網絡規定的內容有普通入口、學校入口、公交車入口以及消防通道。

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11 / 17 west end running track 跑道西端視角

B - The macro layer “Program and Connections” defines the points of exchange and the degree of programmatic permeability working on: the program (Public / Private / Service), the varying degrees of spatial typology (transition between Indoor / Outdoor).

B -宏觀上,“活動和連接”決定了活動交叉點的位置以及各類活動間(公共/私人/服務)或者不同空間類型之間(室內與室外之間的過渡)的互動程度。

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12 / 17 swimming pool 游泳池效果

The indoor and outdoor circulations are tailored around the building program and they weave together some of the aspects considered in the site analysis. The main elements and the design intentions that determine the programmatic arrangement aim at a dynamic integration of the connective flows together with an overall balanced spatial composition.


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13 / 17 the performing art center 演藝中心效果

PAC, Sport Center Concept and Outdoor Area Concept
The essential and central position of the Performing Art Center is the fulcrum of the plot, where the activities of the two schools meet, where the connection between the indoor sports center, the school main lobby and the visitors’ entrance on the North side are carefully mediated.


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14 / 17 indoor gym 室內體育館

The whole complex center (PAC, swimming pool and indoor sports) works as an interwoven terracing system, facilitating multiplicity of programs and connections to be activated independently or at unison.


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15 / 17 multiplied ground 多層地面

The indoor sports center, facing the outdoor running track, smoothens (it is sunken at -5.5 meters) the transition between the building and the landscape on the East side. The outdoor seating area is designed as a morphological transition; it is not a self-contained object but an element that links the roof of the sports center, the bridges coming from the building and the platform on the ground level.


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16 / 17 planting and pavement 綠植與硬質鋪地

Outdoor Spaces
The outdoor can be seen as a layered topography, as the conjunction and interrelation of three conditions: gardens, deck platforms, and roof terraces. It is a system that enhances “natural feelings”, linking and mediating the building with outdoor perspectives. The landscape is practically a seamless and natural extension of the indoor space; it percolates into/over the building via/as glazed courtyards, indoor gardens, and easily accessible open terraces.


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17 / 17 planting and pavement 綠植與硬質鋪地

The green network, for example, is designed to be on different levels, ranging from a series of sunken gardens that bring light to the underground, to a number of “private” outdoor spaces on the ground level, and to several roof terraces: from each point of view, the vision can span through layers of spaces and platforms, infiltrating each interstice of the building and liberating the eyes, creating a perceptual “depth-of-field”.